Children and young people need to learn how to establish and maintain healthy and rewarding relationships with diverse people and groups. This includes communicating clearly, listening actively, co-operating, resisting inappropriate social pressure, negotiating conflict constructively, and seeking and offering help when needed.
Teachers should help their pupils to understand the importance of forming and maintaining relationships to physical and mental health. They should give them opportunities to explore the qualities of respectful relationships and examine ways to cope with challenging relationships and conflict situations.
Related key PDMU and LLW curriculum themes:
- Similarities and Differences
- Rules, Rights and Responsibilities
- Managing Conflict
- Learning to Live as Members of the Community.
The Working with Others strand of the Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities framework is also relevant.
Living. Learning. Together.
This comprehensive programme provides seven themed colour-coded units for each primary school year from Year 1 to Year 7 – red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. It suggests learning activities and methodologies for teachers. Each coloured unit identifies a PDMU statutory requirement and curriculum theme that is developed through suggested learning activities. The green, blue, indigo and violet units are particularly useful for this topic.
Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities Storybooks: Listen and Think: Year 2 – Let’s Have Fun Together
This resource can help primary pupils to learn about friendships and the benefits of working with others.
Relationships and Sexuality Education Guidance: Primary
This guidance outlines Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) issues and provides a context for how and why primary schools should address them. It also helps schools create a meaningful RSE policy, and helps principals and teachers manage potentially challenging situations. See our Relationships and Sexuality Education hub for guidance and resources on specific RSE topics.
Pure Mental NI Toolkit for Key Stage 1
The Key Stage 1 toolkit explore topics such as friendships, talking, bullying, stress, anxiety, sadness and grief. Pure Mental was set up by young people to improve mental health awareness and education in schools across Northern Ireland.
Insync explores Personal Development issues at Years 8, 9 and 10. Specific themes – Feelings and Emotions, Managing Influences and Making Decisions, and Self-Concept – address the messages associated with positive mental health.
Relationships and Sexuality Education Guidance: Post-Primary
This guidance outlines Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) issues and provides a context for how and why post-primary schools should address them. It also helps schools create a meaningful RSE policy, and helps principals and teachers manage potentially challenging situations. See our Relationships and Sexuality Education hub for guidance and resources on specific RSE topics.
Special Educational Needs: Severe/Moderate Learning Difficulties Resources
For learners with cognitive learning difficulties, the following thematic units focus on developing understanding of personal development at an appropriate level.
To Be Me: Thematic Units
These units for primary aged learners support teachers in the planning, teaching and assessing of Personal Development and Mutual Understanding within the curriculum.
Post-Primary LLW Units
This range of LLW units for post-primary aged learners allows them to explore some of the issues and challenges that will face them as independent adults.
Primary, Post-Primary and SEN Resources
Relationships and Sexuality Education
Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) helps children and young people acquire knowledge, understanding and skills, and develop attitudes, beliefs and values about sexual identity, relationships and intimacy. Effective RSE, which is taught in a sensitive and inclusive manner, encourages children and young people to value themselves as individuals and to make responsible and well-informed decisions about their lives.